CHARNEY, DANIEL

CHARNEY, DANIEL (1888–1959), Yiddish autobiographer, poet and journalist; brother of samuel niger (Charney) and baruch charney vladeck . Born in the shtetl of Dukor, near Minsk, Charney suffered from illness from his early childhood, a theme presented in his literary work, particularly in his various memoirs. Following his poetic debut in 1907, he spent his early years in journalism and in welfare work, especially during World War I. In 1918–24 he was a central figure in Moscow Yiddish literary circles. At the end of 1925 he immigrated to the U.S. but was refused entrance because of his ill health and returned to Europe. He assisted david bergelson in 1926 in Berlin with his pro-Soviet periodical, In Shpan, and from 1927–29 edited the Yidishe Emigratsye along with elias tcherikower . After a long trip in 1929 to outlying Jewish communities in Lithuania, Latvia, and Poland he published a series of articles in the New York Yiddish daily Der Tog and other American and European Yiddish periodicals on the conditions of Jews there. Leaving Germany at the rise of Nazism, he lived in Paris until 1941, when he gained permission to enter the U.S. and settled in New York. He was appointed secretary of the I.L. Peretz Writers' Club (1944). Though confined to sanatoriums for long periods, he continued his literary work. His stories, poems, fables, and articles were printed in Yiddish newspapers all over the world. Among his most important works are Barg Aroyf ("Uphill," 1935) and his memoirs A Yortsendling Aza: 1914–24 ("A Decade Like This," 1943). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Shalit (ed.), Daniel Charney-Bukh (1939), includes bibliography; LNYL, 4 (1961), 142–6. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: G. Estraikh, In Harness: Yiddish Writers' Romance with Communism (2005). (Shlomo Bickel / Gennady Estraikh (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Charney, Daniel — (1888 1956)    Belorussian Yiddish poet and journalist. He was born in Minsk. He suffered from illness from early childhood and when he attempted to emigrate to the US in 1925 he was refused entry because of ill health, and was forced to return… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Daniel John Roberts — Daniel Roberts, born 1969, in New York City. Playwright, Editor, Educator. B.A. (1992) and M.A. (1994) from the University of Pennsylvania. Edited the literary magazine Press from 1995 2000. Author of 2001 OOBR award winning play The Beginning of …   Wikipedia

  • Daniel Roberts — For other people named Daniel Roberts, see Daniel Roberts (disambiguation). Daniel Roberts, born 1969, in New York City, is a playwright, editor and educator. Contents 1 Early life and career 2 Personal life 3 References …   Wikipedia

  • Jordan Charney — Infobox actor imagesize = 220px caption = birthname = birthdate = birth date and age|1937|4|1 location = Brooklyn, New York, U.S. othername = occupation = Actor yearsactive = 1964 present spouse = Nancy Cooperstein homepage = Jordan Charney (born …   Wikipedia

  • VLADECK, BARUCH CHARNEY — (1886–1938), U.S. journalist, civic leader, and public official; brother of daniel charney and shmuel niger . Born in Dukor, near Minsk, Belorussia, Vladeck abandoned religious study in his teens in favor of political action. A lifelong socialist …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Liste der Biografien/Cha — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List of Yale University people — Yalies are persons affiliated with Yale University, commonly including alumni, current and former faculty members, students, and others. Here follows a list of notable Yalies. Dynamic listNotes: * LL.B. (Legum Baccalaureum) is a graduate degree… …   Wikipedia

  • Comanche language — Comanche Nʉmʉ tekwapu Pronunciation [ˈnɨmɨ ˈrekʷapɨ ̥] Spoken in United States …   Wikipedia

  • Dumbo (film) — Dumbo (film, 1941) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Dumbo. Dumbo Titre original Dumbo Réalisation Ben Sharpsteen Scénario Otto Englander, Joe Grant, Dick Huemer …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dumbo (film, 1941) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Dumbo. Dumbo Données clés Titre original Dumbo Réalisation Ben Sharpsteen Scénario Otto Englander …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.